Kietaibl S, Ahmed A, Arash Afshari A, et al. Management of severe peri-operative bleeding: Guidelines from the European Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care: Second update 2022. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2023;40:226-304.
Recommends the use of intervention algorithms incorporating predefined triggers and targets based on viscoelastic hemostatic assay coagulation monitoring to guide individualized hemostatic intervention in the case of perioperative bleeding.